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Other Terms: Knee region, Knee subdivision, Subdivision of knee, Regio genus, Région du genou
The knee joint is the largest joint in the body and is a complex joint that has multiple articular surfaces. This compound structured joint consists of dual condylar joints between the condyles of the femur and the condyles of the tibia and a saddle joint between the patella and the patellar sulcus of the femur, all included within a single, shared synovial capsule. Its boney relationships are not inherently stable; therefore, strong ligaments are required to stabilize the joint and limit its range of motion. Its principal motion is hinge-like in a parasagittal plane. It has a large joint capsule that forms numerous bursal projections around the tendons associated with the joint. The muscles of the knee region consist of muscles from both the thigh and the crus. These muscles surround the knee joint and produce the flexion and extension movements of the knee while helping to stabilize this vulnerable joint.
Région du genou