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Stylopharyngeus

Other Terms: Musculus stylopharyngeus, Muscle stylo-pharyngien

Muscle parts

None

Latin name

Musculus stylopharyngeus

Latin muscle parts

None

Group

Branchial arch muscle – third arch (Pharyngeal muscle)

Etymology

In English this muscle’s name is the muscle of the pillar and the throat. The word stylohyoid can be divided into the Greek words stylos meaning “pillar” and the term pharynx, what is referred to as the throat, arises from the Greek pharangos meaning “cleft, gulley, or ravine.”

Origin

Base of the styloid process on the medial surface

Insertion

Passes between the superior and middle constrictors to attach to the tunica mucosa of the pharynx

Action

Elevates the pharynx.

Nerve supply

Glossopharyngeal nerve (Cranial nerve IX)

Blood supply

The muscle receives blood from the pharyngeal branches of the ascending pharyngeal artery.

Latin

Musculus stylopharyngeus

French

Muscle stylo-pharyngien

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