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Salpingopharyngeus

Other Terms: Musculus salpingopharyngeus, Muscle salpingo-pharyngien

Muscle parts

None

Latin name

Musculus salpingopharyngeus

Latin muscle parts

None

Group

Branchial arch muscle – fourth arch (Pharyngeal muscle)

Etymology

In English, this muscle’s name is the muscle of the trumpet and cleft, or gully. The term salpingo in this word comes from the Greek word salpinx meaning “trumpet.” The word pharynx, what is referred to as the throat, arises from the Greek pharangos meaning “cleft, gulley, or ravine.”

Origin

Cartilage of the pharyngotympanic tube at the base of its pharyngeal opening

Insertion

Lateral and posterior walls of the pharynx, posterior margin of the thyroid cartilage

Action

Elevates the superior lateral wall of the pharynx.

Nerve supply

Vagus nerve (Cranial nerve X)

Blood supply

The muscle receives blood from the pharyngeal branches of the ascending pharyngeal artery. It also is supplied by the ascending palatine artery, a cervical branch of the facial artery.

Latin

Musculus salpingopharyngeus

French

Muscle salpingo-pharyngien

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