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Levator veli palatini

Other Terms: Musculus levator veli palatini, Muscle élévateur du voile du palais

Muscle parts

None

Latin name

Musculus levator veli palatini

Latin muscle parts

None

Group

Branchial arch muscle – fourth arch (Muscle of soft palate and fauces)

Etymology

The English name for this muscle is the muscle that lifts the veil, or curtain, at the roof of the mouth. The word levator comes from the Latin verb levare meaning “to lift.” The word veli is from the Latin vellum, which means “veil or curtain.” Palatini is the genitive form of the Latin palatum meaning “the roof of the mouth.”

Origin

Inferior surface of the petrous temporal bone just anterior to the carotid canal; the upper part of the carotid sheath; inferior surface of the pharyngotympanic tube

Insertion

Superior surface of the palatine aponeurosis

Action

Elevates the posterior part of the soft palate and pulls it toward the wall of the pharynx to close the nasopharynx; helps to narrow the pharynx.

Nerve supply

Vagus nerve (Cranial nerve X)

Blood supply

The ascending palatine artery, which is one of the cervical branches of the facial artery, supplies the muscle along with a somewhat variable branch of pharyngeal arteries from the external carotid artery.

Latin

Musculus levator veli palatini

French

Muscle élévateur du voile du palais

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