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Levator palpebrae superioris

Other Terms: Musculus levator palpebrae superioris, Muscle releveur de la paupière supérieure

Muscle parts

Superficial layer; Deep layer

Latin name

Musculus levator palpebrae superioris

Latin muscle parts

Lamina superficialis; Lamina profunda

Group

Head somite muscle – pre-otic group (Extra-ocular muscle)

Etymology

The English name for this muscle is the muscle that lifts the upper eyelid. The word levator comes from the Latin levare meaning “to lift.” Palpebra is Latin for “eyelid.” This comes from the Latin palpo, which means “to stroke gently,” probably with reference to the way the eyelids gently stroke the surface of the eye. The Latin term superior is derived from the Latin super meaning “above.”

Origin

Inferior surface of the lesser wing of the sphenoid bone above the optic canal

Insertion

Tarsal plate and skin of the superior eyelid

Action

Raises the upper eyelid.

Nerve supply

Oculomotor nerve (Cranial nerve III)

Blood supply

Muscular branches and the supraorbital artery of the ophthalmic artery via the internal carotid artery.

Latin

Musculus levator palpebrae superioris

French

Muscle releveur de la paupière supérieure

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