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Styloglossus

Other Terms: Musculus styloglossus, Muscle stylo-glosse

Muscle parts

None

Latin name

Musculus styloglossus

Latin muscle parts

None

Group

Head somite muscle – occipital group (Tongue muscle)

Etymology

In English this muscle’s name is the muscle of the pillar and the tongue. The word styloglossus can be divided into the Greek words stylos meaning “pillar” and glossa meaning “tongue.”

Origin

Apical end of the styloid process on its lateral side and the adjacent stylomandibular ligament

Insertion

Longitudinal part blends dorsally with the inferior longitudinal muscle; oblique part blends with the hyoglossus muscle

Action

Elevates and retracts the tongue.

Nerve supply

Hypoglossal nerve (Cranial nerve XII)

Blood supply

Ascending pharyngeal artery from the external carotid artery and the ascending palatine and tonsillar arteries from the first part of the facial artery.

Latin

Musculus styloglossus

French

Muscle stylo-glosse

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