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Hyoglossus

Other Terms: Musculus hyoglossus, Muscle hyoglosse

Muscle parts

Chondroglossus and ceratoglossus considered subparts

Latin name

Musculus hyoglossus

Latin muscle parts

Musculi chondroglossus and ceratoglossus considered subparts

Group

Head somite muscle – occipital group (Tongue muscle)

Etymology

In English this muscle’s name is the muscle of the U-shaped bone and tongue. The term hyoid comes from its resemblance to the Greek letter upsilon (u), which is aspirated as hy. This is combined with the suffix eidos meaning “shape or form.” The word glossa is Greek for “tongue.”

Origin

Body and greater cornu of the hyoid bone; chondroglossal part from the lesser cornu

Insertion

Blends into the sides of the tongue between the styloglossus and inferior longitudinal muscles

Action

Depresses the tongue.

Nerve supply

Hypoglossal nerve (Cranial nerve XII)

Blood supply

Lingual artery from the external carotid artery,

Latin

Musculus hyoglossus

French

Muscle hyoglosse

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