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Other Terms: Processus jugularis, Processus jugulaire
The jugular process is a rectangular plate of bone projecting from the posterior half of the occipital condyle. The rough inferior surface of this process provides attachment for the rectus capitis lateralis muscle and the lateral atlanto-occipital ligament.
The term jugular is a Latin term that is applied to the neck or throat. It was originally used by the 16th Century anatomist Jacques Dubois, or Sylvius as he was known. It is derived from the Latin word jugulum meaning throat which comes from jugum for yoke, possibly because yokes were worn around the neck or throat. Its use here is in reference to the internal jugular vein. Process is a term used in anatomy to describe a projection on a bone. It comes from the Latin pro- meaning forward and cessus for gone. It is an old term that can be traced back to the writings of the early anatomist Celsus.