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Splenius capitis

Other Terms: Musculus splenius capitis, Muscle splénius de la tête

Muscle parts

None

Latin name

Musculus splenius capitis

Latin muscle parts

None

Group

Epaxial muscle – Spinotransversales

Etymology

The English name of this muscle is the bandage muscle of the head. The word splenius is Latin for “patch or plaster,” and this comes from the Greek splenion meaning “a bandage.” The word capitis comes from the Latin caput meaning “head.”

Origin

Lower half of ligamentum nuchae (C4 to C6) and spinous processes of C7 to T4

Insertion

Mastoid process and rough surface adjoining occipital bone

Action

Bilaterally they extend the head and neck; unilaterally they laterally flex the head and neck and rotate the head to the same side.

Nerve supply

Dorsal rami of cervical spinal nerves (C3, 4, 5, and 6)

Blood supply

Muscular branches of the occipital artery from the external carotid artery.

Latin

Musculus splenius capitis

French

Muscle splénius de la tête

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