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Longissimus capitis

Other Terms: Musculus longissimus capitis, Muscle longissimus de la tête

Muscle parts

None

Latin name

Musculus longissimus capitis

Latin muscle parts

None

Group

Epaxial muscle – Erector spinae – Longissimus

Etymology

The English name for this muscle is the longest muscle of the head. The word longissimus is Latin for the “longest.” The word capitis comes from the Latin caput meaning “head.”

Origin

Posterior surface of transverse processes of T1 to T5 and the articular tubercle of C4 to C7

Insertion

Posterior margin of mastoid process and adjacent occipital bone

Action

Extends the head and rotates the head to the same side.

Nerve supply

Dorsal rami of cervical and thoracic spinal nerves (C6 to T4)

Blood supply

Muscular branches of the occipital artery from the external carotid artery.

Latin

Musculus longissimus capitis

French

Muscle longissimus de la tête

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