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Splenius cervicis

Other Terms: Musculus splenius cervicis, Musculus splenius colli, Muscle splénius du cou

Muscle parts

None

Latin name

Musculus splenius cervicis

Latin muscle parts

None

Group

Epaxial muscle – Spinotransversales

Etymology

The English name of this muscle is the bandage muscle of the neck. The word splenius is Latin for “patch or plaster,” and this comes from the Greek splenion meaning “a bandage.” Cervicis comes from the Latin cervix for “neck.”

Origin

Spinous processes of T3 to T6

Insertion

Posterior tubercles of transverse processes of C1 to C3

Action

Bilaterally they extend the neck; unilaterally they laterally flex the neck.

Nerve supply

Dorsal rami of cervical spinal nerves (C5, 6, 7, and 8)

Blood supply

Muscular branches of the occipital artery from the external carotid artery. Dorsal branches of the posterior intercostal arteries from the thoracic aorta.

Latin

Musculus splenius cervicis

Latin

Musculus splenius colli

French

Muscle splénius du cou

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