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Longissimus cervicis

Other Terms: Musculus longissimus cervicis, Musculus longissimus colli, Muscle longissimus du cou

Muscle parts

None

Latin name

Musculus longissimus cervicis or colli

Latin muscle parts

None

Group

Epaxial muscle – Erector spinae – Longissimus

Etymology

The English name for this muscle is the longest muscle of the neck. The word longissimus is Latin for the “longest.” The word cervicis comes from the Latin cervix meaning “neck.”

Origin

Posterior surface of transverse processes of T1 to T5

Insertion

Posterior tubercles of the transverse processes of C2 to C6

Action

Extend the vertebral column.

Nerve supply

Dorsal rami of cervical and thoracic spinal nerves (C4 to T4)

Blood supply

Dorsal branches of the posterior intercostal arteries from the thoracic aorta.

Latin

Musculus longissimus cervicis

Latin

Musculus longissimus colli

French

Muscle longissimus du cou

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