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Rotatores cervicis

Other Terms: Rotatores cervicis, Musculi rotatores cervicis, Musculi rotatores colli, Muscle rotateurs du cou

Muscle parts

None

Latin name

Musculi rotatores cervicis

Latin muscle parts

None

Group

Epaxial muscle – Transversospinales – Rotatores

Etymology

The English name of this muscle is the muscle that turns (the vertebra) around in the neck. Rotatores comes from the Latin verb rotatare meaning “to rotate,” which in turn comes from the Latin rota meaning “wheel.” The word cervicis comes from the Latin cervix meaning “neck.”

Origin

Posterior surface of articular process of cervical vertebra

Insertion

Posterior surface of the lamina of a superjacent cervical vertebra

Action

Possibly weakly assist with extension of the cervical vertebrae. They are most likely proprioceptive transducers that monitor the position and movements of the vertebral column and provide feedback that influences the activity of the larger multisegmental muscles of the vertebral column.

Nerve supply

Dorsal rami of cervical spinal nerves (C3 to C8)

Blood supply

The muscle receives a blood supply from muscular branches of the vertebral artery via the subclavian and also from muscular branches of the occipital artery via the external carotid artery.

Latin

Musculi rotatores cervicis

Latin

Musculi rotatores colli

French

Muscle rotateurs du cou

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