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Longus capitis

Other Terms: Musculus longus capitis, Muscle long de la tête

Muscle parts

None

Latin name

Musculus longus capitis

Latin muscle parts

None

Group

Cervical wall – subvertebral muscle

Etymology

In English, this muscle’s name is the long muscle of the head. Longus is the Latin term for “long.” The word capitis comes from the Latin caput meaning “head.”

Insertion

Inferior surface of the basioccipital bone

Origin

Anterior tubercles of the transverse processes of C3, C4, C5, and C6

Action

Flexes the head.

Nerve supply

Branches of the cervical ventral rami (C1, C2, and C3)

Blood supply

The muscle receives blood from the ascending cervical artery, which is a small branch of the inferior thyroid artery from the thyrocervical trunk of the subclavian artery. It also receives blood from the ascending pharyngeal artery.

Latin

Musculus longus capitis

French

Muscle long de la tête

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