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Rectus capitis anterior

Other Terms: Anterior rectus capitis, Musculus rectus capitis anterior, Muscle droit antérieur de la tête

Muscle parts

None

Latin name

Musculus rectus capitis anterior

Latin muscle parts

None

Group

Cervical wall – subvertebral muscle (Suboccipital)

Etymology

The English name for this muscle is the anterior straight muscle of the head. The word rectus is Latin for “straight.” The word capitis comes from the Latin caput meaning “head.” The Latin term anterior is derived from the Latin ante meaning “before.”

Origin

Anterior margin of the lateral mass of the atlas at the base of the transverse process

Insertion

Inferior surface of the occipital bone just anterior to the occipital condyle

Action

Weakly assists with flexion of the head. Probably is a postural muscle that helps monitor the heads position and movement.

Nerve supply

Branches of the cervical ventral rami of (C1 and C2)

Blood supply

The muscle receives blood from the ascending cervical artery, which is a small branch of the inferior thyroid artery from the thyrocervical trunk of the subclavian artery.

Latin

Musculus rectus capitis anterior

French

Muscle droit antérieur de la tête

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