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Femoral vein

Other Terms: Vena femoralis, Veine fémorale

Description

The common and superficial femoral veins are the accompanying vessels of the respective arteries. They have the following arrangement: the common, formed by the union of the superficial and deep femoral, lies to the medial side of the common femoral artery and terminates at the superior border of the inguinal ligament in the external iliac vein. The vein, at its termination, with the medial of the two vertical septa of the femoral sheath, forms the lateral boundary of the femoral ring and femoral canal. Emptying into the common femoral are the great saphenous and the deep external pudendal veins. The superficial femoral vein, like the artery, consists of a superficial and a deep portion. It is the continuation of the popliteal vein. It begins at the opening in the adductor magnus, through which it passes. The deep portion of the vein lies to the lateral side of the deep portion of the artery in the distal part of the adductor canal, and is firmly adherent to the artery in that situation. As it ascends it gradually passes behind the artery. The superficial portion of the vein lies behind the superficial femoral artery at the femoral triangle. It passes to the medial side of the artery in its course upward. The vein may be plexiform in the adductor canal.

Branches

Deep femoral vein
Great saphenous vein
Medial circumflex femoral vein
Lateral circumflex femoral vein
Deep external pudendal vein

Branch of:

External iliac vein

Latin

Vena femoralis

French

Veine fémorale

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